Tsori tower-castle complex

 

Tsori – located in the Dzheyrahsky district of Ingushetia.

Tsori is a XVth century fortified tower complex with 3 battle towers and several residential buildings – typical Vainakh castle complex. It was surrounded by a fortified wall from which only the foundation stands today. Burial vaults lie a few meters from it.

Tsori, like all the other historic sites, was severely damaged during the XIX century Russian conquest of the Caucasus.

In 2011, the Russian authorities decided to build a 60 billion ruble ski resort in the region.

Ikalchu fortress, Chechnya

Ikalchu Chechnya Caucasus mountains beautiful scenery nakh vainakh towers

Ikalchu castle Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu is a XIV century fortress complex located in Meshi-Khi River valley, Chechnya. The gorge is heavily fortified as there are dozens of tower complexes along it.

Ikalchu is part of the Argun State History, Architecture and Nature Museum Reserve, which covers hundreds of ancient towers, settlements and fortifications  in southern Chechnya. Many were destroyed during the Caucasian wars, during the Soviet deportations, and again during the 1990’s Chechen-Russian wars. Around 200 structures are still standing today (though none fully intact).

Ikalchu Chechnya north Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu residential towers and fortress complex

Ikalchu Chechnya landscapes north Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu Chechnya Caucasus mountains beautiful landscape

Tower-castle complex

Ichalcu Chechnya tower Chechens North Caucasus mountains Vainakh eastern europe

Watchtower

Ikalchu tower Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu battle tower Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu watchtower Chechnya Caucasus mountains eastern europe

Ikalchu Chechen Nakh tower Chechnya North Caucasus Vainakh 3

Ikalchu castle fortress Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu Chechnya castle Caucasus mountains eastern europe

Crypts

Crypts

Residential towers

Residential towers

Ikalchu crypts Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu crypt Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu fortress Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu Chechnya Caucasus mountains landscape

Chechnya landscape Caucasus mountains eastern europe

Neighboring battle tower (the valley is heavily fortified)

Neighboring battle tower (the valley is heavily fortified)

Ikalchu castle tower complex Chechnya Caucasus mountains eastern europe

Ikalchu towers compex Chechnya Caucasus mountains

Ikalchu residential towers from the distance

Ikalchu towers Chechnya Caucasus mountains

river in Ikalchu Chechnya Caucasus mountains

 

Goor, Dagestan – “Land of the towers”

Goor ancient towers Shamilsky Dagestan North Caucasus

Goor is an ancient settlement in the Shamilsky district of Dagestan consisting of 7 towers and 2-stories residential houses. Only 4 towers survive to this day, one of whom collapsed recently due to severe degradation. The location has not received a historic monument status.

Goor exhibits its old history through its pagan, Christian and Islamic sanctuaries and burial grounds. The residents, originally pagan, underwent a short Christian conversion which ended with the Mongol invasion; the Islamic conversion happened gradually and it reached its peak during the Russia-Caucasus wars. Here you can also find a monument to the Caucasian war martyrs who fought against the Russian invasion in the XIX century.

Dzivgis settlement, North Ossetia-Alania (Central Caucasus mountains)

Dzivgis – large medieval large settlement, where fortresses, temples and shrines formed a one-piece “military- ideological complex”, spiritual stronghold and strategic safety of residents.

Dzivgis cave fortress – built in the XIII-XVI centuries, located on the left bank of Fiagdon river in the Kurtat gorge in North Ossetia-Alania.

The fortress/cave could accommodate at least one hundred people.

In addition to Dzivgis fortress in the village survived : two watchtowers, tsyrty – pillars , ground burials , crypts and the cult complex Dzivgisy-Dzuar sanctuary.

In 1830, Tsarist troops destroyed a significant number of fortifications and other structures in settlement (as they did throughout the entire North Caucasus region).

Kahib, Dagestan (Eastern Caucasus mountains)

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 10

Kahib was built between the 8th and 10th centuries by the Avars. It is located in Shamilsky district of central Dagestan.

The word ” Kahib ” is derived from the Georgian word ” Kahi “, which means scarce highland.

The old and current village are divided by a river valley, which also made the old village hard to access.

Its walls, like many structures of the Caucasus mountains, are adorned with pagan symbolism and solar signs, part of their religion before the conversion to Islam.

 

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 3

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 1

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 5

tower in Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus

arched entrance Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 14

ancient symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 12

medieval art symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 21

medieval art symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 22

Symbols of the pre-muslim Pagan religion

Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 7

Kahib in 1923

Kahib in 1923