Khevsureti

Shatili Khevsureti medieval Georgia Caucasus mountains

Khevsureti is a historic region located in eastern Georgia on the border with Chechnya.

An ethnographic hypothesis claims the highlanders of Khevsureti are descendants of the last European crusaders. On the other hand, the towers and crypts of Anatori and Kistani have an obvious resemblance to Vainakh architecture from neighboring Chechnya.

The Khevsurs were traditional warriors and were regarded as guardians of the borders. They are adherent to Christianity, although they maintain significant pagan traditions as well.

Alikonovskoe gorge, Honey Falls

Alikonovskoe gorge – shared between the republics of Stavropol-Krai and Karachay-Cherkessia.
A major attraction in the gorge is Honey Falls (Karachay-Cherkessia).

Mount Oshten, Adygea

Medieval cathedral Bedia

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Bedia cathedral is a 10th century medieval christian temple built by King Bagrat III (King of Abkhazia and Georgia) near Bedia village, Abkhazia.

Historic Digoria region, North Ossetia-Alania

Caucasus mountains old settlement Alania national park Digoria North Ossetia-Alania

Digoria is a historical region in the northern part of the Great Caucasus Mountains, compromised of today’s Irafsky and Digorsky districts in North Ossetia-Alania. The name originates from Digor people (an Ossetian subgroup). The Digor were deported by Stalin to Siberia. Many died during deportation; the survivors returned after Stalin’s death in 1957.

Alania national park occupies half of the territory of Digoria. Digoria has the second largest glacier in the North Caucasus – Karaugomsky. Having been place of an ancient trade route, one can still find remains of multi-towered cave based fortress, the temple of Saint George built in 17th century and sanctuaries. * George – the heavenly warrior, patron and protector of warriors was highly  revered in the ancient Ossetian land; his local name is “Wasgergi”.

Archeological excavations at 2000 meters altitude have also revealed 7000 years-old pottery.

Erzi village, Ingushetia

 

Erzi – XIV century settlement situated in Dzheyrakhsky district of Ingushetia.

The Nakh towers (found only in Ingushetia and Chechnya) were built each within a year, from nearby river stones (not finishing work in a year was considered a sign of weakness, which is a great shame in the Caucasus).

It was here that Suleyman’s Eagle was found in the XIX century – a bronze eagle representing one of Ingushetia’s state symbols. The artifact was crafted in the 8th century in Basra, the Arab Caliphat. It is now exhibited in the State Museum of the Republic of Ingushetia.

Erzi settlement is situated near Olgeti vilage.

Adishi medieval village, Georgia

Adishi village is a one millenium old village situated in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti district of Georgia and it’s one of Europe’s highest located mountain villages (2120 meters).

Geographically, it is situated in the northern part of Georgia, in the historical Svaneti province.

Upper Svaneti (northern part) villages are typically small, with 100-200 people. A common feature of the villages is the watch tower.