Tsori tower-castle complex

 

Tsori – located in the Dzheyrahsky district of Ingushetia.

Tsori is a XVth century fortified tower complex with 3 battle towers and several residential buildings – typical Vainakh castle complex. It was surrounded by a fortified wall from which only the foundation stands today. Burial vaults lie a few meters from it.

Tsori, like all the other historic sites, was severely damaged during the XIX century Russian conquest of the Caucasus.

In 2011, the Russian authorities decided to build a 60 billion ruble ski resort in the region.

Goor, Dagestan – “Land of the towers”

Goor ancient towers Shamilsky Dagestan North Caucasus

Goor is an ancient settlement in the Shamilsky district of Dagestan consisting of 7 towers and 2-stories residential houses. Only 4 towers survive to this day, one of whom collapsed recently due to severe degradation. The location has not received a historic monument status.

Goor exhibits its old history through its pagan, Christian and Islamic sanctuaries and burial grounds. The residents, originally pagan, underwent a short Christian conversion which ended with the Mongol invasion; the Islamic conversion happened gradually and it reached its peak during the Russia-Caucasus wars. Here you can also find a monument to the Caucasian war martyrs who fought against the Russian invasion in the XIX century.

Tsymyti, North Ossetia (central Caucasus mountains)

Caucasus Mountains medieval Tsymyti Fiagdon North Caucasus beautiful scenery eastern europe

Tsymyti is a medieval fortified settlement located in the Kurtat gorge, on the banks of Upper Fiagdon river. According to historians, it was built in the XIV century, thei locals’ occupations consisted of cattle breeding, agriculture, bee-keeping and hunting. Tsymyti was also known for its blacksmiths specialized in weaponry.

The settlement had over 30 combat towers, residential towers, crypts, monuments etc. During the Soviet period, the inhabitants were forced out to move and work in the new Soviet collective farms, and the settlement was destroyed.

The architecture is similar to Nakh architecture (Ingush and Chechen towers).

Eltyubyu “City of the Dead” Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria beautiful scenery

The ancient mausoleums of the “City of the Dead” – located in Eltyubyu village (Chegemsky district). They were built in different stages between the VIII-XVIII centuries. They were part of a pagan burial cult practiced by the locals before the conversion to Islam.

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus 1

beautiful landscapes Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria beautiful scenery

Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria 1

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu Chegem valley North Caucasus 1

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu Chegem valley North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem crypt

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Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria 2

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus 4

beautiful scenery Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus

Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

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Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu village Chegem valley North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria beautiful landscapes

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu village North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu village Chegem valley North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu Chegem valley North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria beautiful scenery mountain road

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem crypts North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem crypts North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

beautiful scenery Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem valley North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria 2

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem crypts

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Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu City of the Dead Chegem Kabardino-Balkaria 1

Caucasus mountains Chegem valley North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu Chegem river North Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria

Caucasus mountains Eltyubyu Kabardino-Balkaria

Dzivgis settlement, North Ossetia-Alania (Central Caucasus mountains)

Dzivgis – large medieval large settlement, where fortresses, temples and shrines formed a one-piece “military- ideological complex”, spiritual stronghold and strategic safety of residents.

Dzivgis cave fortress – built in the XIII-XVI centuries, located on the left bank of Fiagdon river in the Kurtat gorge in North Ossetia-Alania.

The fortress/cave could accommodate at least one hundred people.

In addition to Dzivgis fortress in the village survived : two watchtowers, tsyrty – pillars , ground burials , crypts and the cult complex Dzivgisy-Dzuar sanctuary.

In 1830, Tsarist troops destroyed a significant number of fortifications and other structures in settlement (as they did throughout the entire North Caucasus region).