Maykop capital city, Adygea

Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 3

Maykop is the capital city of Adygea republic of North Caucasus. It’s built on the right bank of Belaya river.

The name of the republic originates from “Adyge” people. Adygea sits on the old land of Circassia, which was was conquered by Russia in the XIX century and divided into several republics in the early XXth century.

Since 1991 (after the dissolution of the Soviet Union) – Maykop is the capital city of Adygea. Despite big oil reserves in the vicinity of Maykop, the city lacks significant investment from central and local authorities (as is the case in the rest of North Caucasus).

 

Maykop train station Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 3

Maykop mosque Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

aerial view Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia  Maykop park mosque Adygea North Caucasus

Maykop street Adygea North Caucasus

 Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 0  Maykop street Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

Maykop streets Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

 Maykop brewery Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

Maykop street Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 4     Maykop  Adygea Circassia

Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia  Maykop monument Adygea North Caucasus Circassia   Maykop park Adygea Circassia

Maykop mosque  Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 1

Maykop mosque inside Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

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 Armenian church Maykop street Adygea North Caucasus

 Maikop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia  Maykop Adygea Circassia  

Trinity church Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia 2

Maykop  Adygea 6

Maykop capital city Adygea North Caucasus

Maykop street Adygea winter

old Maykop Adygea North Caucasus

old photos Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

old pictures Maykop Adygea

old pictures Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

old Maykop Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

old Maykop boulevard Adygea North Caucasus Circassia

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Adyghe people traditional costume (Circassian men, women)

adyghe traditional costume men Kabardino-Balkaria Karachay-Cherkessia

Adyghe people (Circassians) are people of the historical  Circassia. In the XXth century, the Soviet authorities divided the historic region into different republics  – Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia. The Soviet authorities also divided the unitary Circassian ethnicity into different categories: Kabardins (Kabardino-Balkaria), Cherkess (Karachay-Cherkessia), Adyghe (Adygea republic).

A significant part of the Adyghe population was killed during the Russian-Circassian war, and other Circassians were displaced to the Middle-East following forced migration.

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Below is a rare first-hand outlook on the Circassians, as seen by a British traveler in the 1830’s (before the expulsion of Circassians from the Caucasus).

Click on link Tales of travellers; A view of the world (published in 1838)

Extract

“The Circassians, who dwell in the mountain valleys, are a martial people, trained from infancy in the midst of arms and early habituated to systematic plunder, their exploits in which confer renown. The sole pursuit of the Circassians is predatory war against their neighbors: hence their courage, though individually unquenchable, and formidable in masses, is undisciplined. 

The warlike qualities are kept alive, moreover, by the incidents attending the political division of Circassians into distinct tribes, jealous of, and often at variance with, each other, which produces feuds, inroads, reprisals, all of which are esteemed honorable. Slaves are one of the principal objects of their barter-trade with the Turks. […]

The nation is now considered to consist of 10 principal states or tribes, compromising a population of about 2 millions. These tribes, though not bound by any federal policy, but existing in a state of mutual repulsion, sacrifice all feuds and jealousies, and unite as in one common cause, when the independence of their country is threatened from without.”

The “warlike quality” and the deadly feuds between tribes were a common feature of Caucasus population, being also found among Chechens, Ingush, Georgians etc.

Chechens and Ingush had their unique solid Nakh towers, which were built specifically  as a refuge not only from invaders, but also from their fellow tribesmen during their deadly feuds.

wedding-costumes circassia

Rural slavery was common among Circassians. After the Russian expulsion, Circassian women were sold as sex slaves by Circassian men to the Ottoman empire, when the term of “Circassian beauties” was born.

Read more on the subject in a rare 1856 article Horrible Traffic in Circassian Women—Infanticide in Turkey,” New York Daily Times, August 6, 1856

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Circassians in 1890

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Circassians in 1908

Costumes were made of fabrics woolen and animal skin. More sophisticated fabrics appeared after year 1900.