Medieval cathedral Bedia

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Bedia cathedral is a 10th century medieval christian temple built by King Bagrat III (King of Abkhazia and Georgia) near Bedia village, Abkhazia.

Sentinsky temple – oldest christian church

senty church near teberda river North Caucasus mountains landscapes

Sentinsky church North Caucasus mountains beautiful scenery eastern europe christianity

In the 10th century, Byzantine missionaries reached the Caucasus and built several Byzantine-style churches around Teberda river. Sentinsky temple, built in the year 967, represents the oldest christian church in Russia.

 

The details are scarce about the influence of Christianity in the region but Circassians are known to have converted to Christianity (after previously holding “Habze” beliefs). They remained Christian until the XVII century conversion to Islam under the Ottoman influence. Alans (proto-Ossetians) are also mentioned, but Ossetians shared pagan beliefs until teh XIX century conversion Orthodox Christianity under Russian occupation.

The date of Sentinsky’s construction is written on it in ancient Greek, as the Christian mission is believed to have been lead by Nicholas Mystikos, the greek Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.

On the way up to Sentinsky

On the way up to Sentinsky

Caucasus mountains Senty Byzantine church

up to Sentinsky church North Caucasus mountains

 

Senty church North Caucasus christianity

Senty Byzantine church North Caucasus mountains

Sentinsky church North Caucasus christian

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Senty church interior North Caucasus christianity

interior Senty church North Caucasus christianity

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Western Caucasus mountains in the background

Western Caucasus mountains in the background

View down on Teberda river

View down on Teberda river

Sentinskychurch North Caucasus mountains landscapes

Sentinsky church North Caucasus mountains beautiful landscapes christianity

Mount Kazbek – highest mountains in Europe

Mount Kazbek is a dormant volcano mountain, which at at 5.033 meters (16.400 feet) has one of the highest peaks in the Caucasus and in Europe.

It is located in Georgia and North Ossetia.

Shkhara is also one of the highest mountains (5.200 meters – 17.000 feet) – click on photo to view gallery

view to Shkhara mountains Georgia North Caucasus mountains

1172 Ikort’a – South Ossetia/ Georgia

Ikorta church of the Archangel (Ikort’a) is a Georgian Orthodox church built in 1172 by the dukes of Ksani noble family in Shida Kartli, Georgia.

The church houses the tombs of Ksani family members, including Shalva and Elizbar of Ksani, who died under torture in 1661 for opposing the Iranian/ Tatar oppression. Their remains were brought from Persia and they were canonized as saints.

Ikort’a is currently undergoing restoration works. * It’s note worth mentioning that the Church of Georgia is one of the oldest Christian churches.

South Ossetia is a disputed region, officially part of Georgia but under Russian defacto control. More on South Ossetia conflict here 

Shida Kartli has been part of self-proclaimed South Ossetia republic since 1992.