Dagestani artists – Arsen Kurbanov

Arsen Kurbanov portrait painting oil Dagestan girl portrait

Arsen Kurbanov portrait painter  Dagestan men artists

 

Arsen Kurbanov is a Dagestani artist born in 1969, in Makhachkala, Dagestan’s capital city.
He graduated from Dzhemal Art College, Makhachkala and I.E. Repin Institute for Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

His specialization is portrait painting in oil.

 

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Circassians – Discrimination in Israel

source: Israel National News

In the XIX century, after a century long war against Russian occupation, over 400.000 Circassian had been killed and over 1.000.000 were subjected to forced expulsion. As a result, a Circassian minority can now be found in Israel and Palestine.

Israel boasts about having one of the broadest anti-discrimination laws of any country.

However, this doesn’t stop Circassians (and other minorities) from being discriminated. The reasoning behind the discrimination  is supposedly the Muslim religion of Circassians.

Circassians in Israel

Circassians in Israel

 

Druze, Circassians protest State’s discrimination

July 2 2009 – Israel, a country with reasonable resources, is subjecting its minorities to humiliating conditions such as electricity and water shortages – blamed by the prime-minister on “international economic crisis”.

Dozens of Druze and Circassians protested against what they called the State’s continued discrimination against them on Thursday by driving slowly and disrupting traffic from Akko to Rosh Pina in the north.

“The way we are treated is part of the State’s policies of contempt. We will continue to step up our protest,” said chairman of the Forum of Heads of Druze and Circassian Local Authorities, Salah Fares.
The council heads are demanding the erasure of their municipalities’ debts, the creation of employment for their constituents, and additional funds. The protest’s organizers threatened a full-fledged “intifada” (uprising) if their demands are not be met. Earlier this week similar demonstrations were held at central intersections in the Galilee region.

“We are citizens of the State of Israel. This is our only country, but we are not granted the same rights as the other citizens,” Fares added.”As far as we’re concerned, this is a dark day for the entire Israeli nation. It’s time that the Israeli government wakes up and stop this policy of contempt towards the Druze and Circassian population.”On Wednesday Ynet reported that the Finance Ministry and Dexia Israel, which extends credit to local councils, recently reached an agreement to increase credit lines to Druze councils and to transfer NIS 53 million ($13.5 million) to them.

Fares dismissed the report, saying, “These leaks from the Finance Ministry are a travesty, and are indicative of the continued policy of contempt.”Last week the Druze sector held a violent protest outside the Prime Minister’s Office in Jerusalem. Following the rally, during which seven police officers were injured, a number of Druze council heads met with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Interior Minister Eli Yishai.

Sajur Local Council Head Hamud Jabar said Netanyahu had promised to appeal to the Finance Ministry in an attempt to secure the funds they requested, despite the current financial crisis.”I explained to him that we serve together, live together, and sometimes die together, and what can we do, we are asking to be equal. We demand a schedule for the steps to be taken, not just niceties.”

Netanyahu heard testimonies regarding water and electricity shortages, as well as insufficient funds for the payment of municipal employee wages.

 

Israel MP says Christian citizens “not Arabs,” pushes for discriminatory policy

January 8, 2014

A member of the Israeli Knesset is pushing forward legislation that would discriminate between Christian and Muslim Palestinian citizens of Israel, media reported on Wednesday.

MK Yariv Levin, the coalition chairman for the governing conservative Likud-Yisrael Beitenu faction, is proposing a series of bills over the status of Palestinian Christian citizens of Israel, notably identifying them as “not Arabs,” Maariv newspaper reported.

One of the suggested bills would give Christian Arabs the possibility to put down their nationality as simply “Christian” on their Israeli identification papers, as opposed to “Arab Christian.”

“My legislation will award separate representation and a separate frame of reference to the Christian public, distinguishing them from Muslim Arabs,” Levin said, in a statement translated by the Palestinian al-Ray news agency.

“This is an important, historic step that could introduce balance to the State of Israel, and connect us [Jews] with the Christians,” he added. “I make sure not to refer to them as Arabs, because they’re not Arabs.”

Another bill up for discussion would give Christian citizens of Israel different representation in municipal and government councils than Muslims, Maariv reported.

Israeli law discriminates between Jewish and non-Jewish citizens, as well as between non-Jewish citizens themselves. For example, Druze and Circassians citizens are subjected to mandatory military service, unlike Christians and Muslims.

According to CIA statistics, 123,000 Arab Christians live in Occupied Palestine, and another 226,000 reside in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Churches in the West Bank are often targeted in anti-Christian “price tag” attacks by Israeli settlers.

Palestinians and Arab citizens of Israel are also frequently victims of racist incidents in areas under Israeli control, and their perpetrators are rarely prosecuted.

Levin is one of ten finalists in the running to receive the Israel Democracy Institute’s 2013 “outstanding parliamentarian” award, The Jerusalem Post reported on Tuesday

 

Chechen traditional costume & culture

Main source – “The Chechens”  HERE (pdf format)

get it on Amazon The Chechens: A Handbook

The Chechens are an ethnic group of the Nakh people; the Nakh  (Chechen, Ingush and Kist) belong to the Northeast Caucasian family.

The Chechen population counts 1.500.000 people; up to 500.000 were displaced to Europe after the second war (in Germany, France, Scandinavia, Poland, Belgium).

Chechens refer to themselves as “Noxchi”.

Chechen society is divided on sexes (conservative Muslim society). Men are seen as sole bread winners in the family household, while women’s main duty is to become a good wife and mother. Women may have a job but the job must not involve socialization with other men.

chechnya girls-chechen-women-costume-north-caucasus-people-nakh

1870 Chechen woman

1870 Chechen woman

1870 Chechen woman – traditional Chechen headscarf/ veil was simple, made of cotton. The main materials used were woolen fabrics and animal skin. More sophisticated fabricss appeared after year 1900.

Up until XIX century, traditional Chechen costumes were different but all traditional dress across the Caucasus kept a general resemblance. Modern Chechen dress was heavily influenced by Circassian costumes in the XIX century.

North Caucasus Chechnya dancers chechen men women chechens

 

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Customs originate in most ancient times. They define “checheness”, very important in the identity of proud Chechens. Society was not stratified and had no social classes, instead it was organized in tribes. Therefore the code of Chechen morals were the backbone of  Chechen society.

Women were considered for marriage from mid to late teens, whereas men started married later. Men and women met at dance parties and communication was made through family members.

It was taboo for men to touch women in public (this remains available to this day). Touching a woman meant defilement and the culprit was executed by the family of the woman. The culprit could escape punishment by suckling on the breast of the woman’s mother, making him a foster brother.

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North Caucasus Chechnya people chechen girls chechens

North Caucasus Chechnya people chechen men traditional costume

Chechnya chechen men North Caucasus people chechens

Wedding is the way of celebration for the new family acquisition. Only the groom’s family celebrates, while the bride and her family stay away from main wedding ceremonies. The bride’s family is considered to have no reason for celebration since they “lose” a member.

Chechens consider pride and affection as weakness, and do not openly show joy at the birth of children or show affection in public towards partner or children.

Chechens only marry within their own ethnic group. Chechen women are held in high esteem, however if a woman is raped, she will be considered tainted and no one will marry her. Although during the Soviet period, mixed Russian-Chechen couples were common (between Russian women and Chechen men, never the opposite), the fact that one may be ethnically mixed (especially with Russian) is frowned upon and hidden.

North Caucasus Chechnya people chechen men women chechens.

Chechen wedding – the bride and groom make their vows separately. While the groom celebrates at home with his friends, the bride arrives at the main party but doesnt participate. She sits aside quietly in what translates as “modesty” in Chechen customs.

*Numerous youtube videos show sumptuous Chechen weddings – they belong to Chechen president Kadyrov’s circles. Regular Chechens are modest.

chechen-men-chechnya-people-chechen-traditional-dress-costume

North Caucasus Chechnya people chechen men traditional outfit

Itum Kali Chechnya national costume chechen children dance

chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people 0 chechens

Hospitality was a sacred institution prevalent all over the Caucasus and respect for guests was a source of pride for all Caucasian peoples. A guest was lodged in the best quarters of the house and special provisions were set aside for guests. On the other hand, travelers with no bona fide hosts were considered as hostile and were usually taken as prisoners or slaves.

At social or family gatherings (parties, dinners, weddings etc), men and women never sit together, but at separate tables.

Though women are held in high esteem, they must show a certain respect to men. Women always stand up when a man walks in, and they never speak over a man.

North Caucasus Chechnya chechen women

Chechen woman 1897

Chechen woman 1897

North Caucasus Chechnya men old photo archives

North Caucasus dress Chechnya people chechen men chechens archive photos

North Caucasus outfit Chechnya chechen men Caucasian kama dagger shalt

 

Chechen Shalt Kama traditional dagger North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

 

Nakh towers, typical of Chechnya and Ingushetia. Built to stand as solid refure not only from invaders, but also from each other during their deadly tribal feuds.

Nakh towers, typical of Chechnya and Ingushetia. Built to stand as solid refuge not only from invaders, but also from each other during their deadly tribal feuds.

Nakh towers, typical of Chechnya and Ingushetia. Built to stand as solid refuge not only from invaders, but also from each other during their deadly tribal feuds.

chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people chechens

North Caucasus Chechnya chechen men traditional outfit chechens

North Caucasus Chechnya people chechens

North Caucasus dancers Chechnya chechen women

North Caucasus dance Chechnya chechen men women traditional outfit

Chechnya chechen dancer North Caucasus

Chechen men traditional dance North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

Chechnya chechen dancers North Caucasus people

North Caucasus Chechnya dance chechen men women chechens

Chechnya chechen men dance North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

Chechnya chechen men traditional North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

Chechnya chechen men traditional costume North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

Caucasus Chechnya national costume chechen boys Itum Kali chechens

Chechen men traditional dressing North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

 

North Caucasus Chechnya national costume chechens

 

Chechnya chechen men drummer traditional music North Caucasus people Vainakh

Chechnya chechen men traditional drums music North Caucasus people nakh

CHECHNYA 2013

Chechnya chechen men women dance Caucasus people

 

North Caucasus chechen men traditional dance chechens

North Caucasus people Chechnya chechen dancers Vainakh

Children dressed in national costumes dance in central Grozny during celebrations of the lifting of security regime

Chechen girls traditional dressing North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

Chechen girl traditional dressing North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh

 

Chechen men traditional dressing North Caucasus people nakh

 

north-caucasus-dance-chechnya-chechen-men-women-traditional-outfit-chechens

Chechen men women traditional dance North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh chechens

Chechnya chechen men women traditional costumes North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh chechens

Shamkhan Hadji Khamadov, 56, the Kharachoi clan, Grozny, Chechnya

 

Chechnya chechen men Caucasus people nakh

Chechnya chechen men traditional costumes North Caucasus people nakh Vainakh chechens

Chechnya people chechen men outfit chechens

Lezginka Chechnya chechen men women dancers painting

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“Secular” women are becoming more ad more Islamic in their customs and dressing. While the Chechen leader Kadyrov is allegedly forcing certain women to wear Hijab, more and more young people are willingly adopting it was a way of life, as Sunni Islam is seducing the youth (as opposed to Sufi Islam, practiced by old people).

chechnya chechen women girls chechnya caucasus people chechens

Regular dressing involved long dress (short dresses are forbidden and see as degrading), and the traditional chechen scarf (which covers head only partially).

Chechnya, Russia, Chechen insurgents’ wife arrangers her scarf on a mountain base. Chechen women fighting in war was common until radical Islam took over and they were excluded from all activities.

Chechen insurgents’ wife arrangers her scarf on a mountain base. Chechen women fighting in war was common until radical Islam took over and they were excluded from all activities.

chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people . chechens

The Chechen scarf was not always a must-be item.

chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people chechens

The Hijab (covers all hair) is becoming a normal occurrence, included even in traditional full costume

muslim chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people chechens

Chechen girls in front of central Grozny mosque.

chechnya chechen women girls caucasus people chechens

Chechen women walking in downtown Grozny.