Gunibskaya hydroelectric dam, named Rasul Gamzatov (Dagestani poet) – built on Karakoysu river (“Black river”) in Gunibsky district of Dagestan. It represents a modern facility (built 1995-2005).
On Karakoysu river lies another hydroeletric dam – this time the oldest in Dagestan (built 1930’s) by the name of Gergebilskaya.
Despite having high-capacity and large hydro-plants, Dagestan’s energy is used mostly for exports to other republics/countries. Electricity shortages are common in Dagestan. Read more below
Dagestanis Seize Power Stations to protest electricity shortages
Dagestan in Blackout Crisis
Electricity cutoffs in the capital of Dagestan and social unrest
Kurush village and mount Shalbuzdag
Kurush village – location at 2600 meters altitude makes it the highest settlement in Caucasus and Europe.
Kurush is situated on Mount Shalbuzdag (in southern Dagestan), which has the highest peak in the republic at 4142 meters. According to local beliefs, Shalbuzdag is a holy mountain.
Rocky Ridge is located in Kabardino-Balkaria republic (Chegemsky district), near the border with North Ossetia republic.
Rocky Ridge stretches for 375 km from Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban) to Terek river. Elevation ranges from 1200-1700 m to over 3000 m in highest point – Mount Karakaya (3646 m).
Rocky Ridge consists of steep mountain slopes dissected by numerous river valleys. The landscapes contains karst formations, as well as forests and meadows.
Rocky Ridge is located in the vicinity of Upper Balkaria village
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