Nij tower complex _Tsorey-Loam

Ingushetia vainakh medieval Nij castle Caucasus mountains beautiful landscape

Nij tower complex – built near Tsorey-Loam mountain in the XV century.

Ingushetia medieval Nij Caucasus mountains .


Located in the southern district of Dzheyrahsky in the Dzheyrakh-Assin historical and architectural museum and nature reserve. Dzheyrakh-Assin has the biggest concentration of medieval Vainakh settlements (like the Argun State History, Architecture and Nature Museum Reserve of southern Chechnya).

Nij tower complex consists of defense towers (6-7 stories high), residential towers (3-4 stories high) and nearby burial grounds, which are underground, or above ground vaults, typical of pre-Islam pagan period.

Nij complex has 4 well preserved defense towers, the residential structures having been destroyed in the XIX century by the Russian imperial army.

*In 2001, Russian helicopters attacked historic sites in the area. Ingushetia itself was not a war-zone and the destruction was caused by military corps stationed in Ingushetia – article from Moscow Times   Army Unit Attacks Ancient Ingush Site

Rocky Ridge – Central Caucasus mountains

Rocky Ridge Central Caucasus mountains eastern europe landscapes

Rocky Ridge is located in Kabardino-Balkaria republic (Chegemsky district), near the border with North Ossetia republic. 

Rocky Ridge stretches for 375 km from Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban) to Terek river. Elevation ranges from 1200-1700 m to over 3000 m in highest point – Mount Karakaya (3646 m).

Rocky Ridge consists of steep mountain slopes dissected by numerous river valleys. The landscapes contains karst formations, as well as forests and meadows.

Rocky Ridge is located in the vicinity of Upper Balkaria village

(click photo to see more)

Upper Balkaria Kabardino-Balkaria north caucasus beautiful natural landscapes

Medieval cathedral Bedia


Bedia cathedral is a 10th century medieval christian temple built by King Bagrat III (King of Abkhazia and Georgia) near Bedia village, Abkhazia.

Bermamyt plateau

Bermamyt plateau, located in Kharachay-Cherkessia near mount Elbrus. Its surface is composed of Jurrasic limestone.

Targim, Ingushetia

Targim is a XII century fortified village situated in Assa gorge – an economic and cultural center of the Vainakh in the medieval ages. The gorge is filled with fortified Nakh settlements, crypts and towers.

The towers carry pagan symbols with Christian influences as the Vainakh (Ingush and Chechens) were partly converted to Christianity by Georgian missionaries.

Assa gorge - Map of Vainakh settlements (Targim circled in blue)

Assa gorge – Map of Vainakh settlements (Targim circled in blue)

Not far from Targim are ruins of ancient churches from this period, one recently discovered in december 2013 – Ancient Christian Church Found in Ingushetia (the most intact christian church is Tkhaba-Erdy).


The Mongol invasion of the XIII century brought an end to Christianity.


3D reenactment of Targim village


Huko lake, Adygea