Ikalchu is a XIV century fortress complex located in Meshi-Khi River valley, Chechnya. The gorge is heavily fortified as there are dozens of tower complexes along it.
Ikalchu is part of the Argun State History, Architecture and Nature Museum Reserve, which covers hundreds of ancient towers, settlements and fortifications in southern Chechnya. Many were destroyed during the Caucasian wars, during the Soviet deportations, and again during the 1990’s Chechen-Russian wars. Around 200 structures are still standing today (though none fully intact).
Ikalchu residential towers and fortress complex
Neighboring battle tower (the valley is heavily fortified)
Ikalchu residential towers from the distance
* South Ossetia is a disputed region, officially part of Georgia but under Russian defacto control. More on South Ossetia conflict here *
Tir Holy Nativity monastery is an ancient christian-orthodox settlement built in the XII century, 9 km from Tskhinvali in Georgia/ South Ossetia.
The tower is built in Byzantine style; in the distance one can see the sacred mountain Bursamdzeli.
Georgia has one of the world’s oldest Christian Churches. North Caucasus also has the oldest christian churches in Russia – Lower-Arkhyz churches, Shoana temple, Sentinsky temple. New ancient christian settlements are being discovered throughout the Caucasus.