Vovnushki, Ingushetia




The name “Vovnushki” originates from the Ingush “Vov” (military tower).

Vovnushki is a XII-XVII century complex of towers built on top of a rock, near Guloy-khi river; the towers are jointed together. Another tower is built on a separate cliff. The two separate towers used to be connected by a pendant bridge (as seen in the painting below).

Caucasus mountains Vovnushki Ingushetia landscapes

The tower complex was part of the Silk Road (ancient trade route used for commercial and cultural trade between civilizations); it specifically protected what was called “the Ingush Road”. Trade caravans would cross the gorge to reach the Main Ridge of the Caucasus and then trailed along the Sunzha River valley to get to Magas city.

The rest of the settlement also includes crypts for burial, sanctuaries, mausoleums. Vovnushki belongs to Dzheyrahsky – Assinsky Museum-Reserve.

For video in English CLICK HERE

Anacopia fortress, Abkhazia/ Georgia

The port town of Anacopia (now located in New Athos city) was recorded by Greeks in the 3rd century. In the 5th century Georgians built a fortress on top of the Iverian mountain, alarmed by the Arab invasion of the Caucasus.

Anacopia served as capital within the Byzatine empire, and later on in the 8th century became the capital of the Abkhazian Kingdom. It was ceded to the Byzantines again for a short period until the Georgians took it back in 1072.

The Arabs never managed to conquer the fortress, instead they captured Derbent city from Dagestan in 654.

*Abkhazia is a breakway region of Georgia, under Russian defacto control. For more info click here

Historic Digoria region, North Ossetia-Alania

Caucasus mountains old settlement Alania national park Digoria North Ossetia-Alania

Digoria is a historical region in the northern part of the Great Caucasus Mountains, compromised of today’s Irafsky and Digorsky districts in North Ossetia-Alania. The name originates from Digor people (an Ossetian subgroup). The Digor were deported by Stalin to Siberia. Many died during deportation; the survivors returned after Stalin’s death in 1957.

Alania national park occupies half of the territory of Digoria. Digoria has the second largest glacier in the North Caucasus – Karaugomsky. Having been place of an ancient trade route, one can still find remains of multi-towered cave based fortress, the temple of Saint George built in 17th century and sanctuaries. * George – the heavenly warrior, patron and protector of warriors was highly  revered in the ancient Ossetian land; his local name is “Wasgergi”.

Archeological excavations at 2000 meters altitude have also revealed 7000 years-old pottery.

Kahib, Dagestan (Eastern Caucasus mountains)

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 10

Kahib was built between the 8th and 10th centuries by the Avars. It is located in Shamilsky district of central Dagestan.

The word ” Kahib ” is derived from the Georgian word ” Kahi “, which means scarce highland.

The old and current village are divided by a river valley, which also made the old village hard to access.

Its walls, like many structures of the Caucasus mountains, are adorned with pagan symbolism and solar signs, part of their religion before the conversion to Islam.


Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 3

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 1

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus

Caucasus mountains Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 5

tower in Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus

arched entrance Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 14

ancient symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 12

medieval art symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 21

medieval art symbols Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 22

Symbols of the pre-muslim Pagan religion

Kahib village Dagestan North Caucasus 7

Kahib in 1923

Kahib in 1923



Adishi medieval village, Georgia

Adishi village is a one millenium old village situated in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti district of Georgia and it’s one of Europe’s highest located mountain villages (2120 meters).

Geographically, it is situated in the northern part of Georgia, in the historical Svaneti province.

Upper Svaneti (northern part) villages are typically small, with 100-200 people. A common feature of the villages is the watch tower.