Tsey gorge – located in Alagirsky District of North Ossetia-Alania, in the Central Caucasus mountains.
Mount Fisht is located in the Western Caucasus mountains, in the republic of Adygea. It has an altitude of 2867 meters (9400 feet).
Egikal (Egik-aul) is a medieval Nakh settlement erected between the XII-XVIII centuries near Tsey Loam mountain in Assa gorge, Ingushetia.
*aul is the name given to villages/ settlements by Caucasian people
Assa gorge has numerous Nakh settlements since the region represented a political and economic center.
Egikal suffered great damage after the 1944 deportation of Ingush people, when its inhabitants were deported and the village was destroyed (it underwent partial recent restoration for tourism purposes).
The ruins carry pagan symbols , as the Nakh people (Chechen, Ingush) shared pagan beliefs before the conversion to Islam. There are numerous crypts and sanctuaries along the gorge.
Sulak river stretches for 169 km from Georgia to the Caspian Sea in western Dagestan. Sulak canyon has a depth of 700-1500 meters and 5 hydroeletric power plants.
Russia is the world’s 5th hydroelectric power producer. Dagestan has almost all of the hydroelectric power resources in North Caucasus.
Sulak supplies electricity to Makhachkala – the capital city, which is 60 km (38 miles) from Sulak. Supply to many Dagestani villages is troublesome, and the situation extends to Makhachkala itself (see here). Electricity is usually distributed to Russia’s biggest company RusHydro (state-owned), which exports it to countries like China.
Sofia glacier is found in Arkhyz, Karachai-Cherkessia – a mountainous region rich in alpine meadows, lakes, glaciers, waterfalls and high mountain peaks.
Twelve high waterfalls come flowing down from Sofia glacier on Arkhyz valley.