Gunibskaya hydroelectric dam, named Rasul Gamzatov (Dagestani poet) – built on Karakoysu river (“Black river”) in Gunibsky district of Dagestan. It represents a modern facility (built 1995-2005).
On Karakoysu river lies another hydroeletric dam – this time the oldest in Dagestan (built 1930’s) by the name of Gergebilskaya.
Despite having high-capacity and large hydro-plants, Dagestan’s energy is used mostly for exports to other republics/countries. Electricity shortages are common in Dagestan. Read more below
Dagestanis Seize Power Stations to protest electricity shortages
Dagestan in Blackout Crisis
Electricity cutoffs in the capital of Dagestan and social unrest
Andalan Memorial complex at Gunibskaya
Mamison pass (2900 meters altitude) stretches from North Ossetia, to South Ossetia and Georgia.
Due to the political tensions between Russia and Georgia, the pass is closed to tourists.
Several old villages spread along the Mamison gorge (supposedly built between the 15-17 centuries), though not much has been studied about their history and at present lie abandoned as they have yet to receive “monument” status.
Lisri village was the biggest settlement in the gorge with 14 watchtowers; today only 7 dilapidated towers are left. Though siding with the Russian Empire during the Caucasian wars, the Ossetian settlements were not spared from destruction.
1882 – Lisri village. Still inhabited, however the towers are visibly destroyed.
Kliat village ruins
Christian church built in late 19 century, after the traditionally pagan Ossetians converted to Christianity
Desolate ruins from the Soviet era – a common sight across ex-soviet republics
Lisri in winter
Transcaucasian Highway crosses North Ossetia and Georgia; it was built in the 1970’s to replace the outdated Georgian/Ossetian military road.
In North Ossetia it crosses mostly through Alagirsky gorge (Alagirsky district).
28 tons statue dedicated to Saint George (old pagan deity “Vastirj” was blended into Orthodox Christianity as St. George). Ossetian society uses on a mix of old pagan customs incorporated into Christian beliefs.
Rock painting dedicated to Stalin