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Egikal – Nakh settlements of Assa gorge (Ingushetia)

North Caucasus Ingushetia Egikal Tsey Loam Caucasus mountains Nakh Vainakh beautiful scenery

North Caucasus Ingushetia Egikal Tsey Loam Caucasus mountains Nakh

Egikal (Egik-aul) is a medieval Nakh settlement erected between the XII-XVIII centuries near Tsey Loam mountain in Assa gorge, Ingushetia.

*aul is the name given to villages/ settlements by Caucasian people

Assa gorge has numerous Nakh settlements since the region represented a political and economic center.

Map showcasing medieval settlements along Assa gorge

Map showcasing medieval settlements along Assa gorge (Egikal in the middle)

Egikal suffered great damage after the 1944 deportation of Ingush people, when its inhabitants were deported and the village was destroyed (it underwent partial recent restoration for tourism purposes).

The ruins carry pagan symbols , as the Nakh people (Chechen, Ingush) shared pagan beliefs before the conversion to Islam. There are numerous crypts and sanctuaries along the gorge.