Sukhumi – capital of Abkhazia, sitting on the shores of the Black Sea (142 km from Sochi).
Sukhumi became popular for being an exotic subtropical resort city. However the collapse of the Soviet Union, the war that followed and the international isolation of the small republic in the last 20 years have lead to significant decay of the once flourishing resort, like the neighboring Gagra resort town.
Certain spots have been recently renovated with the purpose of turning it into a tourist attraction during (and after) the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games.
* Abkhazia is a disputed region, officially part of Georgia but under Russian military control. More on Abkhazia conflict here Russia-Georgia war *
During the war, on september 27th 1993, opposition forces broke the ceasefire agreement initiated by the United Nations and rounded up Georgian civilians in Sukhumi, who were executed. Many civilians had remained in the capital due to the ceasefire agreement; the number of september 27th massacre victims was 1200.
Georgian civilians were massacred throughout Abkhazia in what has been officially classified as “ethnic cleansing” by OSCE. Georgian civilians evacuated towns in Abkhazia and left by foot to the Georgian border; many died on the way to the border due to the harsh conditions. More details here Russia – Georgia conflict.